The Alpine sub-continental climate of the Ampezzo Dolomites and their position on the south-eastern flank of the Alpine ridge favour a vegetation dominated by large tracts of coniferous forests and extensive meadowlands. The latter are natural at higher altitudes and managed at lower altitudes. The meadowlands and the forests show a millenary low-impact use, as is the one imposed by the Regole community.
The high altitude rocky areas, though little vulnerable, are the richest in endemic species that significantly enrich the biodiversity of the Ampezzo Dolomites. Wetlands, on the other hand, are vulnerable to human activities and climate changes, but are as rich in flora which needs be known and protected.